See - Buyers
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Sanctions for Violating PD 957
A violation of the provisions of the decree and its implementing rules and regulations will carry administrative and penal sanctions. The liability extends to controlling persons in cases where the violator is a partnership or corporation. The violation usually carries administrative and criminal penalties. The HLURB as a quasi-judicial entity has jurisdiction over administrative aspect of the case while the criminal aspect is lodge before the fiscal’s office and accordingly if there is a finding of probable cause a criminal action is filed in the civil courts.
Section 38, 39 and 40 of PD 957 provides:
“SECTION 38. Administrative Fines. – The Authority may prescribe and impose fines not exceeding ten thousand pesos for violations of the provisions of this Decree or of any rule or regulation thereunder. Fines shall be payable to the Authority and enforceable through writs of execution in accordance with the provisions of the Rules of Court.
“SECTION 39. Penalties. – Any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this Decree and/or any rules or regulation that may be issued pursuant to this Decree shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than twenty thousand (P 20, 000.00) pesos and/or imprisonment of not more than ten (10) years: Provided, that in the case of corporations, partnership, cooperatives, or associations, the President, Manager or Administrator or the person who has charge of the administration of the business shall be criminally responsible for any violation of this Decree and/or the rules and regulations promulgated pursuant thereto.
“SECTION 40. Liability of controlling persons. – Every person who directly or indirectly controls any person liable under any provision of this Decree or of any rules or regulation issued thereunder shall be liable jointly and severally with and to the same extent as such controlled person unless the controlling person acted in good faith and did not directly or indirectly induce the acts constituting the violation or cause of action.”
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